Hamadān is the capital city of Hamedan Province of Iran. Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world. It is possible that it was occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BCE; the Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus, states that it was the capital of the Medes, around 700 BCE

Hamadan is home to many poets and cultural celebrities. The city is also said to be among the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. Hamadan has always been well known for handicrafts like leather, ceramic, and carpets.

Ali Sadr Cave

The Ali Sadr Cave originally called Ali Saadr or Ali Saard is the world’s largest water cave which attracts thousands of visitors every year. It is located in Ali Sadr Kabudarahang County about 100 kilometers north of Hamadan, western Iran.

. Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization lists 207 sites of historical and cultural significance in the city of Hamadan alone. A tomb believed by some to hold the remains of tomb the biblical Esther and her cousin Mordechai is located in Hamadan. 

The scientist and writer known in the west as Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina) is buried in Hamadan. The 11th-century Iranian poet Baba Taher is also interred in Hamadan. This city is also the birthplace of Badi’ al-Zaman al-Hamadani, author of the Maqamat.